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About Comfort Keepers

Comfort Keepers provides award-winning in-home care for seniors and other adults in need of assistance with daily activities. Our highly trained and dedicated caregivers can help your loved one stay in their home for as long as safely possible—a dream come true for many elders.

Areas Served

Uplifting In-Home Care Services for Seniors & Other Adults Right Where You Need It. Comfort Keepers Toronto, ON provides in home care services and senior care in the following cities in Ontario: Toronto, North York, East York, York, Scarborough, Etobicoke, Leaside, and Agincourt

Cancer Screenings for Toronto’s Seniors: What Are The Guidelines?

Senior Health and Wellbeing  |  February 1, 2017

Seniors over age 65 account for 60% of newly diagnosed cancers. Also, 70% of cancer-related deaths occur among the senior population.

A few diseases, when spoken out loud, produce fear at just the sound of the name: ALS, Alzheimer’s, and not uncommonly, cancer. We will do anything to avoid having those diseases. Or we live denial that we could ever get those illnesses.

There are various kinds of cancer with various treatment plans and survival rates, so it is hard to put one classification on a broad range of pathologies. One type of cancer can have a survival rate of 99 percent while another has a survival rate of 5 percent.

Diagnostic and screening tests are expensive and not without side effects. There is debate on when doctors should stop cancer screenings for those over age 65. At what point does risk and cost associated with the screenings outweigh the benefits?

Cancer Screening In Elders and Seniors

As people grow older, certain medical conditions are likely to develop. This is especially true of cancer. Cancer is the second leading cause of death among those 65 years and older, and its occurrence increases with age.

Screening means checking your body for cancer before you have symptoms. Malignancies respond to treatment more effectively when discovered and diagnosed in the early stages of development, which is why you may opt to get screened regularly for various types of cancer. Here are the typical screening recommendations for seniors age 65 or older, and Medicare may cover them:


  • Prostate Cancer Testing
    Overall health status – not just age – is important when deciding about prostate cancer testing. Men who can expect to live at least 10 more years should talk with a doctor about the uncertainties, risks, and potential benefits of testing so they can decide if they want to be tested.


  • Senior Breast Cancer Testing
    If there are any changes in how breasts appear or feel, report it to a doctor immediately. Get a mammogram every two years, or choose to get one every year. Be sure to understand the pros and cons of breast cancer screening. When deciding how often to screen for breast cancer, consider whether you are at higher than average risk for breast cancer. If you are, talk to a health care provider about whether you need to get other tests done along with your mammograms.
  • Senior Cervical Cancer Testing
    For women age 65 or older, many medical professionals believe that no further testing is needed if you’ve had regular cervical cancer testing with normal results during the past 10 years. No testing is needed after a hysterectomy that removed the uterus and cervix, if it was done for reasons not related to cervical cancer. Women with a history of a serious cervical pre-cancer should continue testing for 20 years after that diagnosis.


  • Senior Colon Cancer Testing
    Testing is recommended, and there are many testing options. Talk with a doctor about which tests are best for you and how often testing should be done.
  • Senior Lung Cancer Testing
    If you have a history of smoking, consult with a health care provider about whether you should get an annual low-dose CT scan to screen for early lung cancer. Screening may benefit you if you are an active or former smoker (quit within the past 15 years), have no signs of lung cancer, and have had a single pack of cigarettes per day per year, or its equivalent. For example, one pack per day for 30 years is equal to two packs per day for 15 years. Discuss the benefits, limitations, and risks of screening with a medical professional before testing is done.

When to Stop Senior Cancer Screening: The Debate Among Doctors and Specialists

There are few clinical trials that include older patients, creating a lack of data about the effectiveness and possible harms of cancer screening in the senior population. This results in a variation in recommendations, especially in regard to when it’s time to stop screening. The problem is that guidelines are too often based on younger patients, and do not always consider individual variations in life expectancy, co-morbid conditions, functional status, or personal preference. That said, medical societies and other expert groups may recommend:

  • Stop routine Pap smears to screen for cervical cancer at age 65, if they have been negative in the past.
  • Stop routine screening mammography for women at average risk of breast cancer after age 75.
  • Stop screening colonoscopies for adults at average risk of colorectal cancer at age 75.
  • Stop routine screening usinga blood test that measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood, when there is average risk at any age. PSA is a protein produced by the prostate gland.

Many doctors ignore these guidelines – again, because cancer screening recommendations based on age alone can be too arbitrary. A frail 75-year-old with heart disease and diabetes is different from a robust 75-year-old who exercises every day, so many experts suggest considering a person’s life expectancy. If it is less than 10 years, cancer screening is unlikely to improve a person’s survival or quality of life, and the risks of screening could be greater than the benefits. However, since life expectancy can be difficult to predict, doctors hesitate to halt screenings for many of their patients.

A decision about cancer screening should be mutually agreed upon by you and your doctor. Due to differing approaches within the medical community, you and your doctor should discuss the pros and cons when it comes to cancer screening. Getting screening tests regularly may find cancers early, when treatment is most likely to work –  but it is also important to be well informed about the risks of any test, and about what will happen if a test suggests there may be cancer that won’t shorten your life.

Comfort Keepers® can help. Our caregivers can help establish a daily routine with your loved one that promotes good health and independent living. We can also make sure that he or she has transportation to and from medical appointments. Call your local office today to find out about all of the services that we can provide.

Comfort Keepers®’ trained caregivers help provide senior clients with the highest quality of life possible to keep them happy and healthy at home. Our Interactive Caregiving™ provides a system of care that addresses safety, nutrition, mind, body, and activities of daily living (ADLs).

For additional information on Comfort Keepers of Canada® at Toronto or any other Comfort Keepers of Canada® location please visit our home page or call us at 416-663-2930.


  • A Place for Mom. “Cancer Screening Timelines for Boomers and Seniors” by Dana Larsen. Web. 2016.
  • Harvard Health Publications.“Many Seniors Get Unnecessary and Potentially Harmful Cancer Tests” by Howard LeWine, M.D. Web. 2014.
  • American Cancer Society. “Cancer Screening Guidelines by Age.” Web. 2016.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). “Cancer Prevention and Control.” Web. 2016.

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